Issue Date: April 20,
June 27, 2011
and MCX Pipe Monitoring System
Liquid Filled Pressurized Interstitial Space
CONTINUOUS INTERSTITIAL MONITORING METHOD (LIQUID FILLED)
a continuous, liquid-filled interstitial space leak detection system for use
only with Ameron Dualoy 3000/LCX and MCX fiberglass double-wall pipe.
Applicable liquids include water and aqueous solutions of brine (i.e., CaCl and
NaCl) or glycols (e.g., propylene) in concentration sufficient to reduce
evaporation and prevent liquid from freezing in any portion of the monitoring
system under extremes of local temperature conditions.
Maximum length is 344 feet.
No restrictions on pipeline diameter.
the methodology that has been applied to liquid-filled interstitial double-walled tanks.
An applicable liquid is used to fill
the pipeline interstice, which is pressurized using an air compressor or gas
High and low level pressure
switches are connected to the interstitial space to ensure that pressure remains
within allowable limits.
A vacuum may be placed on the
interstice to assist as applicable liquid is filled from the low point in the pipeline to
minimize trapped air.
The reservoir can be located in
any convenient place and does not have to be at the high point of the system.
The dual-point level sensor
system monitors the liquid level in the interstitial reservoir and provides an
alarm if the liquid level is either too high (interstitial pressure is lost,
allowing expansion of trapped vapor) or too low (loss of interstitial liquid).
The method must be used with a
dual-point sensor system that will properly fit into the reservoir, is
compatible with the interstitial liquid, and is on the NWGLDE list. The spacing
between the high and low sensors must be at least 10 inches.
can be used to shut down the turbine system and/or alert the operator that a
potential problem exists.
For a leak rate of 0.10 gph out
of the interstice, the maximum time to alarm for a 10-inch sensor spacing with a
reservoir diameter of 3.33 inches is 3.11 hours.
This method declares a pipeline
to be leaking when the loss of applicable liquid in the 3.33 inch reservoir is 0.311
The change in level in the
reservoir is proportional to the volume of fluid flowing out of the interstice.
It is cumulative and therefore not dependent on the rate of fluid loss.
alarm is based on evaluations conducted using a 30% CaCl2 (brine)
solution and a leak (liquid egress) 341 feet from the reservoir.
Equivalent results are expected for other applicable liquids.
alarm for a catastrophic primary pipe failure with a pressure of 38 psi is 13
seconds at a distance of 2.14 feet from the reservoir and 19.76 minutes at a
distance of 341 feet. This is based on a liquid level change of 10” or 0.311
gallons in a reservoir that measures 12 inches in height and 3.33 inches in
level alarm indicates that the pressure in the interstice has been lost and
needs to be restored.
underground double-walled piping as specified above containing gasoline,
gasohol, diesel, heating oil #2, kerosene, aviation fuel, or motor oil.
Other liquids may be stored after consultation with the manufacturer.
Equipment requires no
calibration other than an annual inspection.
electronics must be calibrated and maintained in accordance with the
sensor/monitoring equipment instructions.
System must be designed and
installed in accordance with the instructions provided by the manufacturer.
Direct burial of pipeline
fittings and reservoir is permitted provided the reservoir has an observation
manway at grade level.
The interstice must be filled
from the low point in the pipeline to minimize trapped air.
The evaluation was conducted in
an Ameron, double-wall, fiberglass pipeline with an interstitial capacity of
12.97 gallons, an inside diameter of 2.22 inches, and a length of 344 feet.
Alarm conditions are based on a
fall of 10 inches of applicable liquid in a reservoir that is 3.33 inches in diameter and 12
inches in length.
Installers must be certified by
both the piping and sensor manufacturer.
Evaluation was conducted with an interstitial pressure of 50 psig
applied to the pipe and fittings.
Care must be taken to avoid damaging the piping by applying
excessive interstitial pressure.
third-party evaluation only addresses the method’s ability to detect leaks.
It does not test the
equipment for safety hazards.
Texoma Engineering Services, LLC
1004 Ameron Rd.
Evalutor: Ken Wilcox Associates
Tel: (816) 443-2494
Date of Evaluation: 11/08/09